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Sergey Pulinets
(Russian Space Research Institute (IKI RAS), Moscow 117997, Russia)

Latent interaction of geospheres


Today in the sciences concerning our environment there is such a situation that we know about the state and physics of processes in the extra-atmospheric shells (magnetosphere, interplanetary space and the Sun, and even remote areas of outer space) much more and better than about the internal structure of our planet and processes associated with the dynamics of the atmosphere and its coupling with the lithosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere. This is largely due to the structure of the "division of scientific labor" and narrow specialization. Space physics, and especially astrophysics, in popularity significantly exceed the popularity of geophysics or atmospheric physics, and, oddly enough, require less variety of used tools and areas of physics. There is generally enough knowledge of plasma physics, while in the lower layers of the surrounding space you have to deal with a whole range of disciplines, from mechanics to nuclear physics.

The interactions of the various shells of our planet are often hidden (latent) and differ significantly from our everyday ideas. This report will have a fragmentary character, the task of which will be to demonstrate those phenomena that are rarely reflected in the scientific literature, and therefore elude our attention. Most of them are associated with the transformation of various forms of energy and phase transitions. We will consider the role of ionization in such atmospheric processes as the formation of clouds, the generation of thermal anomalies in the zones of earthquake preparation, the intensification of hurricanes and typhoons, and the associated possibilities for diagnosing radioactive contamination. The role of the Global Electrical Circuit (GEC), its relationship with thunderstorm activity, wildfires, and, oddly enough, with seismic activity will also be considered. The GEC is the main agent for transmitting information between three shells: the lithosphere, the atmosphere and the ionosphere, and even the magnetosphere. The issues of various gas emissions, in particular, hydrogen from the earth's crust and its role in the formation of ozone holes, will also be discussed.



Video illustration